I Guds Den Barmhärtiges Förbarmarens Namn
För någon vecka sen hade jag och ett par systrar en diskussion om hur Eva skapades, var det verkligen var så att hon skapades av en bit av Adams revben eller om hon bara blev skapt av samma jord som han. Jag minns själv att jag har läst att Eva blev skapt av en bit av Adams revben och att eftersom tomhet inte excisterar inom islam så fylldes den biten med kärlek till Eva. Men nu har jag hört att det faktit inte är sant.
En annan fråga som jag också tänkt på är hur Adam och Evas barn kunde gifta sig med varandra då det faktist är förbjudet med incest inom islam. Och om de nu inte gjorde det hur blev de fler?
Men för några dagar sedan hittade jag just dessa två frågor som blivit besvarade av sheikh
M. Baqer Al-Qazwini, jag klistrar in de så ni kan läsa själva.
is it true that Eve was created from Adam's rib. What is Ahlul bayt opinion on this?
How about the apple story? Did their offspring intermarried?
May Allah (swt) guide us to the straight path and forgive our mistakes, through Prophet Mohammad and his immaculate progeny of Ahlul Bayt .
In the Bible (Genesis 2:20-22) and many Sunni books, there is a clear indication that Eve was created from Prophet Adam's rib. There are also many narrations in Shia books attributed to Ahlul Bayt which also state that Eve was created from his rib. However, there are narrations from Ahlul Bayt that refute this belief that she was created from his rib. Zorara, one of the greatest companions of Imam Al-Sadeq reports that one day Imam Al-Sadeq was asked that many people claim that Eve was created from Adam's rib, so is this true? The Imam replied,
Glory is to Allah! He is much above than such statements! What, didn't Allah have the power to create a spouse for Adam from anything other than his rib?
Source: Man La Yahtharahol Faqeeh, by Al-Sadouq, vol. 3, pg. 379.
However, we have authentic traditions saying that after Allah (swt) created Adam from clay, some of the clay remained since not all of it was used in the creation of Adam . So Allah (swt) created Eve from the same clay that He created Adam from.
As for the apple story, yes, it is true that Allah (swt) had advised Adam not to eat from the tree (there are various sayings as to what the tree was; some scholars state that it was an apple and wheat tree). Allah (swt) had warned him that if he ate from the tree he would have to leave the blissful garden he was in, and he would descend down to earth where he would have to endure many hardships and where his actual test would begin.
As for their offspring and how they married, the answer is given another thread entitled "Adam&Eve."
M. Baqer Al-Qazwini
My question is very short, but it has been bathering me for the longest time:
God created ADAM, and from him he created EVE, They had two boys KABIL and HABIL, and two daughters.
We all know that it's haram to marry your own sister, so what happened to them to have kids, who married who?
someone told me that Habil married his own sister and that's why kabil killed him!!!
I would like to know what does the imams say about it.
GOD BLESS YOU AND ALL MUSLIMS.
First of all, Qabeel (Cane) killed Habeel (Abil) because Allah (swt) revealed to Adam to pass on the weights of prophethood to Habeel. Qabeel grew jealous of his younger brother. He objected to his father that "I am older than him. Therefore, I'm more rightful to prophethood than he is." So he did not kill him because he married his sister. There might be some narrations and ahadeeth indicating that this was the reason for his murder, but apparently they are all weak and disregarded by the scholars. Furthermore, Habeel, Qabeel and their two sisters were not Adam's only children. For example, Adam had another son called "Sheeth" as well.
Second, there are many views amongst scholars as to how the children of Adam and Eve got married. However, there are three main views:
1) Some scholars, especially those that lived centuries ago, believe that Eve gave birth to two daughters. One was Habeel's twin and the other was Qabeel's twin. Then Habeel married Qabeel's sister and Qabeel married Habeel's sister. After that, their children, who were now all cousins of each other, married each other. Later, Allah (swt) made it prohibited for a brother to marry his sister, but prior to that it was not prohibited.
Source for this view (the narration might not be authentic):
Mizan Al-Hikma, vol. 4, pg. 3031, no. 3781
2) Other scholars, maybe the majority of them, believe that Allah (swt) sent a heavenly female (probably a Hoor Al-Een) down to Earth who married Habeel. On ther other hand, he created a female Jinn and she married Qabeel. Some people might object that if this were the case, then we humans are a mix of "Jinns and Hoor Al-Een." I see that, if this view is correct and established, there is no problem with that. So what if we are a mix of humans, Jinns and Hoor Al-Een. There is nothing fundamentally wrong with it. (No wonder my so many men are motivated to do any righteous act in return for Hoor Al-Een in Heaven. The Qur'an contains many references to Hoor Al-Een. They might run in our blood!) Once Habeel married the heavenly female and Qabeel married the female Jinn, their children, who were cousins of each other, married each other and that is how we got here.
Some sources and narrations that confirm this view:
1) Mustadrak Al-Wasael by Al-Noori, vol. 14, pg. 362.
2) Behar Al-Anwar by Al-Majlisi, vol. 11, pg. 227-28.
3) Qasas Al-anbia by Al-Jaza'eri, pg. 65-66.
3) There is disagreement or doubt amongst scholars as to whether there were people on this earth when Allah (swt) created Adam . Some scholars say that certain narrations indicate that there were no people at all when Allah (swt) created Adam. Others argue that there was some form of humans on Earth when Adam was created. Those people could have been descendants of the Neanderthals, for example. Hence, today there are people of color since those exisitng people at the time of Adam were diverse. So the children of Adam married these people, even though they might not have been fully human (meaning that their intellect was not as developed and complete). I personally have not seen any ahadeeth substantiating this view, but it is nonetheless a possibility. (Some scholars say that certain verses in the Holy Qur'an insinuate that there was no one when Adam was created).
M. Baqer Al-Qazwini